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PmWiki continues to use WikiStyles as a mechanism for styling text with color and other attributes. However, PmWiki 2.0 introduces the ability to control the styling further and to even place styles on blocks.

The basics of WikiStyles are the same as before--essentially a style is specified within a pair of %-signs and styles the text that follows, as in:

This text is %color=red% red, %color=blue% blue, %% and normal
(black).

This text is red, blue, and normal (black).

There are a wide number of available style properties, borrowed primarily from HTML and CSS. In addition, an author can define a style "shortcut" by using the define= property. For example, to define a style of %red%, one can use:

%color=red define=mystyle%
Here is some %mystyle% red text created using a style shortcut.

Here is some red text created using a style shortcut.

Shortcuts can be combined with other styles, including other shortcuts:

%color=red define=lovelyred%
%bgcolor=yellow define=likegrapefruit%

%red% This text is red, %red bgcolor=#ccc% red on a grey background,
and %lovelyred likegrapefruit% red on a yellow background.  

This text is red, red on a grey background, and red on a yellow background.

So far, this is all basically the same as what was available in PmWiki 1.0. PmWiki 2.0 includes the capability to style blocks, by using the apply= style property. Specifying apply=block in a WikiStyle will cause that style to be applied to the entire block, instead of just the text that follows:

This entire block %apply=block bgcolor=yellow% has a yellow
background, even though the `WikiStyle appears in the middle of the
line.  %bgcolor=pink% Other inline (non-block) WikiStyles can appear
in the middle of the line,%% as before.

This entire block has a yellow background, even though the WikiStyle appears in the middle of the line. Other inline (non-block) WikiStyles can appear in the middle of the line, as before.

This means it's now possible to do right-aligned and centered text:

%block text-align=right% The text of this paragraph is right-aligned. 

%block text-align=center% The text of this paragraph is centered.  

The text of this paragraph is right-aligned.

The text of this paragraph is centered.

In fact, PmWiki predefines %right% and %center% style shortcuts so that you can do this more simply:

%right% This is right-aligned.

%center% This is centered.

This is right-aligned.

This is centered.

Authors can define their own custom styles:

%block bgcolor=#fdf define=Pm%
%center bgcolor=#dfd border='3px dotted green' define=goofy%
%right bgcolor=#ffffcc border='1px dotted red' padding=5px
define=rediguana%
%define=strike text-decoration=line-through%

%Pm% Any text that is on a light purple background is a comment from
[[~Pm]].

%goofy% Here's some text from Goofy.

%rediguana% bla bla by rediguana!

%goofy%Hello, I am %strike%upset%% %strike%disheartened%% happy to
meet you.

Any text that is on a light purple background is a comment from Pm.

Here's some text from Goofy.

bla bla by rediguana!

Hello, I am upset disheartened happy to meet you.

Styles can be applied to almost any kind of block:

* %block bgcolor=yellow% Here is a list item
* Here's another list item

* Here's more of a list

# A new list
  • Here is a list item
  • Here's another list item

  • Here's more of a list

  1. A new list

In particular, this means that outlines are now possible using the predefined %ROMAN%, %roman%, %ALPHA%, and %alpha% list-block styles. The style has to be specified on the first item in the list (and we may develop an alternate syntax for this sort of ordered list):

# %ROMAN% Top level
## %ALPHA% second-level
## second-level
## second-level
### third-level
### third-level
## second-level
### third-level
#### %alpha% fourth-level
##### %roman% fifth-level
##### fifth-level
#### fourth-level
# top-level
# top-level
  1. Top level
    1. second-level
    2. second-level
    3. second-level
      1. third-level
      2. third-level
    4. second-level
      1. third-level
        1. fourth-level
          1. fifth-level
          2. fifth-level
        2. fourth-level
  2. top-level
  3. top-level

WikiStyles can be combined with CSS stylesheets to do this automatically -- see Cookbook:OutlineLists.

Q & A

How do I get a block of preformatted text with a colored background and a border?

Use something similar to this:

%block bgcolor=#f0f9ff border='1px solid gray' padding=5px%[@
ip access-list extended example-acl
remark ** This is an example acl **
deny ip any host 10.0.0.1
permit ip any any
@]
ip access-list extended example-acl
remark ** This is an example acl **
deny ip any host 10.0.0.1
permit ip any any

Using the above example is there anyway to avoid it from making long paragraphs going off the side of the page (width wise) when it is not contained in a visable and defined box, such that I can have a long piece of text in one colour and can make amendments in another? (without it making the webpage really wide and losing easy access to edit, recent history etc)

Also I am using custom styles defined in my config.php. There is an example that uses this above but because it is using a markup box it seemes to stop it from scrolling off page. without it it does the same thing i'm experiancing. I've also noticed it seems to stop url turning into links as well. Please help!

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Page last modified on September 24, 2005, at 01:58 AM