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PmWiki: TextFormattingRules

This page provides a more complete list of some of the markup sequences available in PmWiki. Note that it's easy to create and edit pages without using any of the markups below, but if you ever need them, they're here.

To experiment with the rules, please try editing the WikiSandbox.


Paragraphs

-> Indentation by using "->", it indents the entire paragraph,
as with a block quote.
Indentation by using "->", it indents the entire paragraph, as with a block quote.

 Indentation by using blank spaces at the left margin creates monospaced text.

For code samples better use [= code goes here =] bracketing (see Escape Sequence below)

You get the monospaced font, and it won't line-wrap. Instead, it will force the page to be as wide as the line is long. In some skins, the text is placed inside of a box with dashed-line border.


Indented Paragraphs (Quotes)

Arrows (->) at the beginning of a paragraph can be used to produce an indented paragraph. More hyphens at the beginning (--->) produce larger indents.

->Four score and seven years ago our fathers placed upon this
continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the
proposition that all men are created equal.
Four score and seven years ago our fathers placed upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Inverted Arrows (-<)at the beginning of a paragraph can be used to produce a paragraph with a hanging indent. Adding hyphens at the beginning (---<) causes all the text to indent.

-<Four score and seven years ago our fathers placed upon this
continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the
proposition that all men are created equal. 
Four score and seven years ago our fathers placed upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

--<Four score and seven years ago our fathers placed upon this
continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the
proposition that all men are created equal. 
Four score and seven years ago our fathers placed upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Bulleted and Numbered Lists

Bullet lists are made by placing asterisks at the left margin. Numbered lists are made by placing number-signs (#) at the left margin. More asterisks/number-signs increases the level of bullet:

* First-level list item
** Second-level list item
### Order this
#### And this (optional)
### Then this
** Another second-level item
* A first-level item: cooking
## Prepare the experiment
### Unwrap the pop-tart
### Insert the pop-tart into the toaster
## Begin cooking the pop tart
## Stand back
  • First-level list item
    • Second-level list item
      1. Order this
        1. And this (optional)
      2. Then this
    • Another second-level item
  • A first-level item: cooking
    1. Prepare the experiment
      1. Unwrap the pop-tart
      2. Insert the pop-tart into the toaster
    2. Begin cooking the pop tart
    3. Stand back

Also see: Cookbook:OutlineLists and Cookbook:NumberedHeaders


Definition Lists

Definition lists are made by placing colons at the left margin:

:term:definition of term
::second-level item: definition of 2nd-level item
term
definition of term
second-level item
definition of 2nd-level item


Horizontal Line

Four or more dashes (----) at the beginning of a line produce a horizontal line.


Emphasis

Other styling

'+big+', '-small-', '^super^', '_sub_', 

{+insert or underscore+}, 

{-delete or strikethrough or strikeout-}

big, small, super, sub,

insert or underscore,

delete or strikethrough or strikeout

See also Wiki Styles for advanced text formatting options.


References


Headings

Headings are made by placing an exclamation mark (!) at the left margin. More exclamation marks increase the level of heading. For example,

! Level 1 Heading
!! Level 2 Heading
!!! Level 3 Heading
!!!! Level 4 Heading

Level 1 Heading

Level 2 Heading

Level 3 Heading

Level 4 Heading


Escape sequence

Anything placed between [= and =] is not interpreted by PmWiki. This makes it possible to turn off special formatting interpretations and neutralise WikiWords that are not links (even easier is to use a tick ` in front, like `WikiWord.

The [= and =] can be applied to multiple input lines, including empty lines. This makes it very useful to enclose lines of code, which will be shown as monospaced font and not interpreted by PmWiki. Just leave an empty space in front of the opening [=, and finish with a closing =]. If there are [=..=] pairs in the code, put after each =] a =][=. example

 [=
Code goes here like [[PmWiki.PmWiki]]
$CurrentTime $[by] $AuthorLink:  [=$ChangeSummary=]=][='; #just some
code
=]
 
Code goes here like [[PmWiki.PmWiki]]
$CurrentTime $[by] $AuthorLink:  [=$ChangeSummary=]'; #just some code


Special Characters


Tables

Tables are defined by enclosing cells with '||'. A cell with leading and trailing spaces is centered; a cell with leading spaces is right-aligned; all other cells are left-aligned. An empty cell will cause the previous cell to span multiple columns. (There is currently no mechanism for spanning multiple rows.) A line beginning with '||' specifies the table attributes for subsequent tables. A '!' as the first character in a cell provides emphasis that can be used to provide headings. This is interesting stuff.

||border=1 width=50%
||!Table||!Heading||!Example||
||!Left   || Center || Right||
||A       ||!  a B   ||     C||
||        || single ||      ||
||        || multi span   ||||

TableHeadingExample
LeftCenterRight
Aa BC
 single 
 multi span


Can't find it here?

See MarkupMasterIndex, SimpleTables, AdvancedTables, or Links.

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Retrieved from http://burdett.co.nz/wiki/pmwiki.php?n=PmWiki.TextFormattingRules
Page last modified on September 28, 2005, at 02:38 AM